After two years of living with the Covid-19 pandemic, for the past few days social networks have been in turmoil over the appearance of a new virus, monkeypox, which is mainly known in Africa, but a few dozen cases. have been reported and confirmed in Europe by the World Health Organization (WHO).
Yesterday, Sunday May 22, 2022, after the appearance of a first case in Europe, detected since May 7, the Pasteur Institute of Algeria published an information note on its website. In the latter, the IPA defines “Monkey pox or “Monkeypox” is a rare disease caused by infection with the monkeypox virus which belongs to the genus Orthopoxvirus of the family Poxviridae. The genus Orthopoxvirus also includes variola virus (which causes smallpox), vaccinia virus (used in the vaccine against smallpox), and cowpox virus. »
Symptoms of Monkey Pox
Still according to the Pasteur Institute, the main symptoms of this disease are rashes in the form of pustules, and swelling of the lymph nodes.
The modes of transmission are defined as follows by the note published on the site of the Pasteur Institute of Algeria: “The transmission of the virus occurs when a person comes into contact with the virus coming from an animal, a human being or materials contaminated with the virus. The virus enters the body through a lesion in the skin (even if not visible), the respiratory tract or the mucous membranes (eyes, nose or mouth). Transmission from animals to humans can occur through bites or scratches, through the preparation of bushmeat, through direct contact with bodily fluids or lesion material, or through indirect contact with contaminated material, e.g. contaminated bedding. »
For human-to-human transmission, it mainly occurs through large respiratory droplets. The latter cannot move more than a few meters. Other modes of human-to-human transmission include direct contact with body fluids and indirect contact with soiled equipment, for example through contaminated clothing or linens. Always according to what was reported by the IPA.
IPA preventive recommendations
In terms of prevention, the Institut Pasteur recommends the same barrier gestures as for Covid-19, “wearing a mask in closed populated places, hand washing, social distancing and others. » but also maintaining a distance of one meter with other people, especially if they are coughing, sneezing or have a fever.
In its note, the IPA also recommends “avoiding all contact with animals likely to harbor the virus; avoid contact with materials, such as bedding, that have been in contact with a sick animal; isolate infected patients from others who may be at risk of infection; practice good hand hygiene after contact with infected animals or humans”. But also the use of personal protective equipment (PPE) when caring for patients.