Monkey pox in Algeria: establishment of a monitoring committee

The National Health Security Agency, through its Scientific Council, has set up a special commission responsible for monitoring the evolution of the monkey pox epidemic. This is part of its control, monitoring and alert functions.

This commission is made up of 4 members, chaired by Professor Kamal Sanhadji, head of the National Health Security Agency. The latter has also confirmed that it is transmitted to humans by animals such as rodents and monkeys.

At the same time, the agency indicated that monkeypox (monkeypox) is rare and that its clinical picture resembles, but with less severity, that of smallpox. It was eradicated by the smallpox vaccine, which was discontinued in 1980.

Since monkeypox is “taking on a global character”, scientists are trying to understand “the cause of the emergence of the virus, which is from the family of diseases”. And “but less lethal than that, in different population groups around the world”, according to the same source.

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The agency also clarified that it was “an infection present in an endemic situation in West and Central Africa with an increase in the number of cases”. What “has been reported in these areas since the year 2000”. Before indicating that it is “a disease with mild symptoms and less lethal than an epidemic”. Which is transmitted through bodily fluids (saliva, respiratory droplets, blood and secretions from skin ulcers).

What are the stages of development of monkeypox?

While addressing the development of the disease, the National Health Security Agency explained that “it can range from 5 to 21 days and take place in two stages”.

The invasive phase (0-5 days) is characterized by fever, chills, fatigue, severe headache, swollen glands, and back and muscle pain. The second stage, a rash (within 1-3 days of fever onset) often begins on the face. Which spreads to the rest of the body, “the palms of the hands and the soles of the feet, then the lining of the mouth, the genitals and the eyelids”. It may take up to three weeks for these signs to completely disappear.

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