Robotic surgery is a major technological innovation in the field of care as it greatly improves the care and well-being of patients, especially those with cancer. Its scope is vast. It concerns, among other areas: urological surgery, digestive surgery, thoracic surgery and gynecological surgery…
Advantages of robotic surgery
The benefits for the patient of robotic surgery are multiple:
- It is a minimally invasive surgery, therefore less traumatic than traditional open surgery. The robot can be used to facilitate access to difficult areas of the body (cavity of the pelvis in digestive and gynecological surgery, oropharyngeal space in ENT surgery, etc.).
- It reduces blood loss during the operation, especially in oncological surgery. The need for blood transfusions during and after the operation is thus reduced.
- Because it does not require opening the abdomen, robotic surgery reduces the risk of infection and the risk of sequelae.
- It reduces postoperative pain, limiting at the same time the administration of analgesics.
- It allows for shorter hospital stays and faster recovery.
- It improves the aesthetic result: the scars are smaller, even invisible. Thanks to the robot, breast surgery does not leave scars on the chest and thyroid surgery is also almost invisible.
- Thanks to two high-definition cameras that collect 3D images with a magnification of x10 or x12, the robot offers better visibility for the surgeon and allows him very precise handling of the instruments in all planes of the environment.
Greater range of motion
The most recent robotic surgeons, such as the one used at the Anadolu Medical Center, have four arms. One who controls the cameras and three others who carry the instruments. Two arms represent the two hands of the surgeon. The third performs additional tasks (tissue separation and retraction, positioning for suture, etc.). These robots have an “EndoWrist” joint at the ends. This mechanism mimics three arm movements and three wrist movements to pick or cut.
Filter out hand tremors
The movements of the surgeon’s hands are calibrated and transmitted to the robotic arms. In this way, even minimal tremors are eliminated. The mechanism filters tremors of more than 6 Hz, which greatly facilitates interventions requiring high precision.
Areas of use for robotic surgery
The surgical robot can be used in several fields: in general surgery, cardiothoracic surgery, gynecology, neurosurgery, in the case of urinary diseases, etc.
Robotic surgery for cancer diseases
Robotic surgery not only enhances the removal of the cancer organ or tissue, but also allows the lymph nodes to be completely removed. The use of robots has greatly increased in intra-abdominal cancer surgeries. Studies show that robotics represents an effective technique in radical cancer surgery operations.
Robotic surgery can be used in the case of the following cancers: thyroid gland tumors, digestive tract tumors, stomach cancer, large bowel tumors, rectal tumors, liver tumors, pancreatic tumors, adrenal tumours…
To find out more about the other fields of application of robotic surgery (gynecological diseases, urinary diseases, thoracic surgery), the diseases treated, the advantages obtained for each case, go to the Robotic Surgery page of the ANADOLU Medical Center. You will find all the information you need there.