Tobacco control in Algeria: 3 tips from a specialist for smokers

Every year on May 31, the world celebrates World No Tobacco Day. In 2022, the WHO has chosen to put ecology at the center of the fight against tobacco. To encourage people to quit smoking, the UN organization has opted for the slogan “tobacco: a threat to our environment”.

In a press release which takes up the conclusions of the report “Tobacco, a poison for our planet”, the World Health Organization indicated that “the tobacco industry is responsible for more than 8 million deathsthe destruction of 600 million trees, 20,000 hectares of land, the loss of 22 billion tons of water and the issuance of 84 million tons of CO2. »

Smoking in Algeria: meeting with a specialist

In Algeria, the smoking rate fell from 7.7% in 1978 to 20% in 2018. Half of smokers are under 27 years old. And according to an INSP survey, 13% of college students smoke between 10 and 11 cigarettes a day. In addition, a study by the Ministry of Health carried out in 2019 reveals that 16.5% of Algerians aged between 19 and 69 smoke and that on average, the Algerian smokes 15 cigarettes per day.

Globally, tobacco consumption is steadily declining. Thus, if in 2000, 32% of the population aged over 15 declared that they smoked, the percentage, in 2020, is only 20%. And the proportion of women who use tobacco has halved (16% in 2000, 8% in 2020). With regard to tobacco-related deaths, these amount to 8 million, of which 1.2 are due to passive smoking. And of those 1.2 million, 65,000 are children.

Your health destination, Anadolu Medical Center

In a statement given to Algerie360, Esma Kerboua, professor of medical oncology at the Center Pierre et Marie Curie, specifies that the risk for a smoker of developing lung cancer is multiplied by 10 or 15. She adds that tobacco is also responsible cancer of the bladder, ENT tract (mouth, throat, etc.), esophagus, stomach, pancreas, colon, liver and, in women, cancer of the cervix . ” One cigarette a day is enough to increase the risk“, she warns.

What are the 3 tips from the specialist?

According to the Ministry of Health study cited above, two-thirds of smokers said they had tried to quit in the 12 months preceding the survey.

When asked what advice to give to those who cannot give up smoking, Pr Esma Kerboua replies that the best solution isnot to start smoking.

Secondly, it recommends to those who want to stop their tobacco consumption to be accompanied by a doctor.

Finally, the specialist advises those who cannot give up smoking despite their desire to opt for alternative solutions. These are smokeless devices that heat the tobacco without burning it.

These smokeless alternatives such as patches and electronic devices, explains Esma Kerboua, emit fewer harmful substances compared to conventional cigarettes.

Among the new technologies used to heat tobacco without burning it, there are also IQOS devices. By heating only the tobacco, they retain the satisfaction that smokers are looking for while generating 95% less harmful substances than cigarette smoke.

Remember that the main source of danger from tobacco comes from combustion, which generates tar and carbon monoxide, not nicotine. The latter is certainly addictive, but does not represent the primary cause of smoking-related diseases.

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